The Hungarian (also called Munkres) is an assignment algorithm that optimizes for the lowerst total cost.
For example, if 5 painters need to be assigned to 5 jobs, each having a cost (driving time + paint cost + time cost), this algorithm will find the optimal assignment with the lowest total cost.
One use case of this algorithm is comparing sets of drawings. If set A has 10 drawings and set B has some number of drawings, but set B might be in a different order, or have drawings added or removed, you could create a matrix of differences from each page in set A to each page in set B and then use the Hungarian algorithm to match each page in A to a page in B such that the total difference is minimized.
It is a pure function so many executions can be run in parallel without interfering.